SRI PADMANABHA SWAMI TEMPLE



Sri Padmanabha swami temple is located in India,Kerala,Thiruvananthapuram.Padmanabha Swami is the lord of the entire state. This temple is dedicated to lord Vishnu. The temple is one of the 108 principal Divya Desams(‘Holy Abodes’)in Vaishnavism,and is glorified in the Divya Prabandha. The Ananthapuram temple in Kasargod is belived to be the Moolastahanam of the the temple. The History Sri Padmanabaha Swami temple is associated with Travancore Royal family.

In the first half of the 18th century, Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma ,succeeded his uncle Rama Varma as king at the age of 23. He successfully suppressed the Ettu Veettil Pillamar(“Lords of the Eight houses”) and his cousins. Marthanda Vrma,the noted among Travancore kings did a major renovation to the temple. Murajapam  and Bhadradeepam festivals in the temple was introduced by Marthanada Varama. Murajapam literally means continuous chanting of prayers,is still conducted in the temple once in 6 years.

In 1750,Marthanda Varma dedicated the Kingdom of Travancore to Lord Sri Padmanabha. The king vowed tht the royal family will rule the stae on behalf of Lord and he and his descendants would serve the kingdom as Padmanabha dasa or the Servant of Lord Sri Padmanabha. Since the name of every Travancore king was preceded by the title Padmanabha Dasa and the queen’s name was preceded by Padmanabha sevini. The titular Maharaja of Travancore Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma is the trustee of the temple as Sree Padmanabhadasa, the slave of Lord  Sri Padmanabha.

Thripadidanam

The donation of the kingndom of Travancore to Sri Padmanabha swami was known as Thripadidanam.

Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala takes its name from the presiding deity of the Padmanabha swami temple. The Lord who reclines on the serpant named Aantha.Anantha (Sesh Nag or Adi Seshan). The word Thiruvananthapuram literally means the land of Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swami. Brahma seated on a lotus emanating from the Lord's navel, hence the name, "Padmanabha"

The Idol

The idol of the Sri Padmanabha swami has noted for its composition. It has 12008 Salagrams,which were brought from Nepal taken from the banks of river Gandhaki. The Garbhagraha or the Sanctum sanctorum of the temple is located on a stone slab. The main idol is about 18 ft long. The dvotees can view the idol through 3 different doors. The head and chest are seen through the first door. The hands can be sighted through the second door. The feet can be seen through the third door. The deity of Padmanabha is covered with, "Katusarkara yogam", a special ayurvedic mix, which forms a plaster that keeps the deity clean.

Other Shrines

There are 2 other important shrines inside the temple. They are Thiruvambadi Srikrishna swami and Ugra Nara Simha moorthy. Thiruvambadi shrine enjoys an independent status and predates the shrine of Padmanabha.Thiruvambadi shrine has its own namaskara mandapam, bali stones and flagmast. The The Lord of Thiruvambadi is Parthasarathi, the Divine Charioteer of Arjuna. The granite idol of the Lord of Thiruvambadi was brought from Gujarat by seventy two families of Vrishni Vamsa Kshatriyas. As these Vrishnies belong to the lineage of Lord Krishna, they are known as Krishnan vakakkar. The two-armed granite idol, with one hand holding the whip and the other resting on the left thigh holding the conch close to it, is in standing posture. On Ekadasi days the Lord is dressed and decorated as Mohini. There are also shrines for Rama accompanied by Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman, Vishwaksena (the Nirmalyadhari of Vishnu and Remover of Obstacles), Vyasa, Ganapati, Sasta and Kshetrapala (who guards the temple). Grand idols of Garuda and Hanuman stand with folded hands in the Valiya balikkal area.

The Storey behind Sri Padmanabha Swami Temple

The storey is associated with the great sage Vilvamangalathu Swamiyar. Vilva Mangalathu Swamiyar has installed many temples in Kerala. He was a great devotee of Guruvayoor Sri Krishna swami.He even had got the power to talk with the lord.The history says he was resided near Ananthapuram temple in Kasargod dirstrict. Swamiyar prayed to Lord Vishnu for his darshan or "auspicious sight". The Lord is believed to have come in the guise of a little boy who was mischievous. The boy defiled the Idol which was kept for Puja.The sage got angry and chastised the boy. The boy disappeared suddenly. The sage was in dep pain. He called for the darshan (sight) of  his lord with pain. But the lord didn’t appeared.One day the lord came to the dreame of the sage and said “My dear servant please accept my humble obeisances.I am satisfied in our devotion(bhakti).You have to go to Ananthankaadu to get me again.There you will get my darshan”.

After a long search,the sage reached near  jungle named ‘Ananthan Kaadu’. There he heard a pulaya lady threatening her child that she would throw him in Ananthankadu. The moment the Swami heard the word Ananthankadu he was delighted. He proceeded to Ananthankadu based on the directions of the lady of whom he enquired. The Sage reached Ananthankadu searching for the boy. There he saw the boy merging into an Iluppa tree (Indian Butter Tree). The tree fell down and became Anantha Sayana Moorthi (Vishnu reclining on the celestial snake Anantha). But Lord assumed was of an extraordinarily large size, with his head at Thiruvallom, navel at Thiruvananthapuram, and lotus-feet at Thrippadapuram (Thrippappur), making him some eight miles in length. The Sage requested the Lord to shrink to a smaller proportion that would be thrice the length of his staff. Immediately the Lord shrank to the form of the Idol that is seen at present in the Temple. The Sage saw the Lord in three parts thirumukham(the lotus face), thiruvudal (the lotus chest) and thrippadam(lotus feet of the lord). Swami prayed to Padmanabha to be forgiven. The Swami offered Rice Kanji (Rice porridge)and Uppumanga (salted mango pieces) in a coconut shell to the Perumal(lord) which he obtained from the pulaya woman(woman belonged to lower cast).

A temple was constructed with the assistance of reigning King and some Brahmin households. The Ananthankadu Nagaraja Temple still exists to the north west of the  Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple. The Samadhi (final resting place) of the Swamiyar exists to the west of the Padmanabha Temple. A Krishna Temple was built over the Samadhi. This Temple, known as Vilvamangalam Sri Krishna Swami Temple.This temple belongs to  Thrissur Naduvil Madhom.

Words are not enough describe more about this great temple.Because you can feel the presence of Lord when you enter in to the temple.Many devotees have experienced this.To know more about this temple,you just need to visit here once in your life time.




PADMANABHA SWAMI TEMPLE Darshan Timing

Morning

03.30 am to 04.45 am (Nirmalya Darshanam)

06.30 am to 07.00 am

08.30 am to 10.00 am

10.30 am to 11.10 am

11.45 am to 12.00 Noon

Evening

05.00 pm to 06.15 pm

06.45 pm to 07.20 pm

The above-indicated time schedule is subject to changes during festivals and other special occasions. During the festival occasions the darshan time is reduced in order to performing the special poojas.

Only Hindus are permitted inside the temple. There is a strict dress code that needs to be followed while entering the temple. Men need to wear mundu or dhoti (worn around the waist and going down up to the heels) and should not wear shirts of any kind.Women should wear saari or long skirt.

Shaanta-Aakaaram Bhujaga-Shayanam Padma-Naabham Sura-Iisham

                      Vishva-Aadhaaram Gagana-Sadrsham Megha-Varnna Shubha-Anggam|

                      Lakshmi-Kaantam Kamala-Nayanam Yogibhir-Dhyaana-Gamyam

                      Vande Vishnum Bhava-Bhaya-Haram Sarva-Loka-Eka-Naatham ||

Meaning:

1: (Salutations to Sri Vishnu) Who has a Serene Appearance, Who Rests on a Serpent (Adisesha), Who has a Lotus on His Navel and Who is the Lord of the Devas,

2: Who Sustains the Universe, Who is Boundless and Infinite like the Sky, Whose Colour is like the Cloud (Bluish) and Who has a Beautiful and Auspicious Body,

3: Who is the Husband of Devi Lakshmi, Whose Eyes are like Lotus and Who is Attainable to the Yogis by Meditation,

4: Salutations to That Vishnu Who Removes the Fear of Worldly Existence and Who is the Lord of All the Lokas.