Padmanabhapuram Palace is located Padmanabhapuram, Kanyakumari District(Tamilnadu). The former capital city of the Hindu kingdom of Travancore. It is about 20km from Nagercoil, and about 55km from Thiruvananthapuram.Padmanabhapuram is a place in Thuckalay.So Padmanabhapuram palace has got another name called ‘Thuckalay Kottaram’ (Thuckalay palace). The palace is located at the foot of the Veli Hills, which form a part of the Western Ghats. It comes under the Government of Kerala's administration.The palace is controlled by the Archeology department of Kerala Government.
It is a magnificent wooden palace of the 16th century. The antique interiors are replete with intricate rosewood carvings and sculptured decor.The palace contains the mural paintings of 17th and 18th centuries.You can see: 'Thaikkottaram' or the Queen Mother's palace with painted ceilings, the musical bow in Mahogany, Rose wood and Teak carved ceilings with 90 different floral designs, royal chairs with Chinese carvings, windows with coloured mica.
Among the palaces present in Kerala, Padmanabhapuram Palace is having an important place.The Valli river flows near by to this palace.
The History of Padmanabhapuram Place
You maight have a curioisity to know the History regarding the Padmanabhapuram Palace.It was believed to be constructed in ancient times. In 1601 AD by Iravi Varma Kulashekara Perumal, the ruler of Travancore. The architecture of this palace will attract each and every person. The credit goes to King Marthanda Varma, who completed the design of this beautiful Palace. The palace was known as ‘Kalkulam Palace’ in the earlier times.It was King Marthanda Varma,who ruled his kingdom as servant of lord Padmanabha or Padmanabha Dasa, changed the name of this palace to Padmanabhapuram Palace.
Important structures in Padmanabhapuram Place
The palace is famous for its structural designs.The interior designs of this palace have attracted several tourists from different parts of the world.The most of the structures were made in wood.From these points we must try to understand the talents of those artists who lived in ancient Kerala. The King's Council Chamber or the Mantrasala is an important part of the Padmanabhapuram Palace. Mantrasala is a place where king as well as ministers holds consultations regarding the kingdom.The windows of the palace are made with colored mica, and the floorings are made off burnt coconut shell,egg white etc. Mother's Palace or Thai Kottaram is considered as the oldest structure in the entire palace. There is an inner courtyard named Nalukketu in this Thai Kottaram. Four pillars on four corners supports the sloping roofs of this inner courtyard.You can see ‘Chamber Of Solitude’ or ‘Ekantha Mandapam’ located on the south west corner of this Thai Kottaram. Maharaja Swathi Thriunal built Nataka sala or Hall of Performance.Natakasala is meant for performing dances and music. The royal ladies used to watch the performances by the peepholes, which were present in the wooden enclosure of the hall. King Marthanda Varma constructed Uppirikka Malika(Four Storeyed Central Building).The Uppirikka Malika consists of ground floor houses, first floor houses, second floor houses & finally top floor houses respectively. The King's resting & studying rooms, King's bedrooms, & finally the worship chamber of the royal household. All of these were used as royal treasury.The Thekke Kottaram or The Southern Palace is considered as a heritage museum.
Other important features of Padmanabhapura Palace
Secret underground passages,( The secret passage was used in emergency by King, or family members as well as servants to escape to a nearby palace called Charottu Kottaram).Now this passage is blocked.Mural paintings, 18th century’s hanging brass lanterns, You can see a 4 poster medicinal bed.It was the King’s bedroom.Granite tubs to cool curd and buttermilk, granite dance hall, Saraswathi (goddess of knowledge) temple, open air swimming bath, carved figures on columns holding oil lamps, room for scribes and accountants, large earthen urns, pooja (Holy Ulter) rooms, enormous teak beams, Belgium mirrors and an outer cyclopean stone wall fitted together without mortar.There is a clock tower in the palace complex has a 300-year-old clock, which still keeps time.You can see a painting gallery depicting incidents from the history of Travancore. A wooden cot ,which was made of up to 64 wooden pieces of a variety of medicinal tree trunk. Never miss to see the wood carvings of this palace if you gets a chance to visit this palace.Because many amazing things are there to be seen.
Tuesday to Sunday
9 AM – 4:30PM
The palace will be closed on Monday as well as National Holidays. Sliptotrip.com provides group day tours to Padmanabhapuram Palace.